Special Courts Under POCSO Act

Ministry of Women and Child Development

Special Courts Under POCSO Act

The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 enacted by Govt of India provides safeguards for children against sexual abuse. The POCSO Act 2012 provides for establishment of Special Courts for the purpose of ensuring speedy trial. Further, as per the Act, the evidence of the child shall be recorded within a period of thirty days of the Special Court taking cognizance of the offence and the Special Court shall complete the trial, as far as possible, within a period of one year from the date of taking cognizance of the offence. The Act was amended in 2019 to introduce more stringent punishment including death penalty for committing sexual crimes on children, with a view to deter the perpetrators & prevent such crimes against children.

A centrally sponsored scheme for setting up of 1023 Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) including 389 Exclusive POCSO Courts is implemented by the Department of Justice(DoJ), for expeditious trial and disposal of rape and POCSO cases. As informed by DoJ, 640 FTSCs including 338 exclusive POCSO Courts have become functional in 26 States/UTs by May, 2021, which disposed 50, 484 pending cases till May, 2021. Goa and J&K are yet to operationalize FTSCs. West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar island and Arunachal Pradesh have still not joined the Scheme. The list of States/UTs where these Courts are located is at Annexure-I. The information regarding the appointment of Judges in special courts formed under POCSO Act, 2012 is not maintained centrally.

The State/UT-wise cases registered and cases pending trial at the end of the year under POCSO Act, 2012 during 2017-2019 is at Annexure-II.

This information was given by the Union Minister for Women and Child Development, Smt. Smriti  Zubin Irani, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

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AS

Annexure-I

 

S.no States/UTs
Chhattisgarh
Gujarat
Mizoram
Nagaland
Jharkhand
Madhya Pradesh
Manipur
Haryana
Chandigarh
Rajasthan
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
Delhi
Arunachal Pradesh
Bihar
Assam
Maharashtra
Himachal Pradesh
Karnataka
Kerala
Meghalaya
Odisha
Punjab
Telangana

 

Annexure-II
SL State/UT 2017 2018 2019
CR CPTEY CR CPTEY CR CPTEY
1 Andhra Pradesh 378 1100 361 1343 502 1542
2 Arunachal Pradesh 14 7 24 28 36 52
3 Assam 1149 1506 1721 2664 1779 3750
4 Bihar 1356 1431 2094 2558 1540 3575
5 Chhattisgarh 1676 3122 1812 3861 2027 4799
6 Goa 0 0 2 2 0 2
7 Gujarat 1697 5130 2154 6947 2253 8604
8 Haryana 1139 1592 1924 2361 2074 2962
9 Himachal Pradesh 8 27 28 47 12 54
10 Jammu & Kashmir 0 0 32 24 109 96
11 Jharkhand 385 495 615 757 654 1024
12 Karnataka 1956 4891 2036 6150 2160 7137
13 Kerala 1169 2718 1153 3462 1283 4216
14 Madhya Pradesh 1569 5428 2445 6808 6123 9677
15 Maharashtra 5248 18691 6233 22070 6558 25807
16 Manipur 29 113 43 135 58 189
17 Meghalaya 242 702 266 847 219 987
18 Mizoram 194 248 138 387 79 398
19 Nagaland 41 49 9 51 12 61
20 Odisha 249 1808 1887 3148 2036 4798
21 Punjab 489 444 411 566 389 606
22 Rajasthan 1180 2860 488 3032 596 3152
23 Sikkim 87 107 118 154 91 212
24 Tamil Nadu 1587 3547 2039 4531 2396 5599
25 Telangana 1632 2484 1665 3284 1998 3806
26 Tripura 139 481 127 569 176 649
27 Uttar Pradesh 4895 14000 5401 17161 7594 23187
28 Uttarakhand 191 409 337 586 369 868
29 West Bengal 2131 4159 2267 6251 2267 6251
  TOTAL STATE(S) 30830 77549 37830 99784 45390 124060
30 A&N Islands 65 164 69 235 94 291
31 Chandigarh 3 1 2 2 5 8
32 D&N Haveli 12 16 21 21 39 38
33 Daman & Diu 5 20 3 23 15 30
34 Delhi 1623 6255 1839 7870 1719 8406
35 Lakshadweep 4 10 7 17 25 26
36 Puducherry 66 128 56 177 48 209
  TOTAL UT(S) 1778 6594 1997 8345 1945 9008
  TOTAL (ALL INDIA) 32608 84143 39827 108129 47335 133068
Source: Crime in India
Note : Due to non-receipt of data from West Bengal in time for 2019, Data furnished for 2018 has been used

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