Handloom Weavers

Handloom Weavers

As per the 4th All India Handloom Census (2019-20), there are 26, 73,891 handloom weavers and 8,48,621 allied workers in the country.  State-wise number of handloom weavers and allied workers is at Annexure-I.

The Office of the Development Commissioner for Handlooms, Ministry of Textiles is implementing following schemes for development of handlooms and welfare of handloom weavers across the country:

  1. National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP)
  2. Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS)
  3. Handloom Weavers’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme (HWCWS)
  4. Yarn Supply Scheme (YSS)

 

Under the above schemes, financial assistance is provided for raw materials, purchase of looms and accessories, design innovation, product diversification, infrastructure development, skill upgradation, lighting units, marketing of handloom products and loan at concessional rates.

  1. National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP)

 

  1. Block Level ClusterIntroduced in 2015-16 as one of the components of National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP).  Financial assistance upto Rs. 2.00 crore per BLC for various interventions such as skill upgradation, Hathkargha Samvardhan Sahayata, product development, construction of workshed, project management cost, design development, setting up of common facility centre (CFC) etc. is provided. Besides, financial assistance upto Rs. 50.00 lakh is also available for setting up of one dye house at district level. The proposals are recommended by the State Government.

 

  1. Handloom Marketing Assistance is one of the components of National Handloom Development Programme.  In order to provide marketing platform to the handloom agencies/weavers to sell their products directly to the consumers, financial assistance is provided to the States/eligible handloom agencies for organising marketing events in domestic as well as overseas markets.

 

  1. Weavers’ MUDRA SchemeUnder the Weavers’ Mudra Scheme, credit at concessional interest rate of 6% is provided to the handloom weavers.  Margin money assistance to a maximum of Rs. 10,000 per weaver and credit guarantee for a period of 3 years is also provided. MUDRA portal has been developed in association with Punjab National Bank to cut down delay in disbursement of funds for margin money and interest subvention.

 

  1. HATHKARGHA SAMVARDHAN SAHAYATA (HSS):

Hathkargha Samvardhan Sahayata (HSS) was introduced on 1st December 2016 with an objective to provide looms/accessories to the weavers to enhance their earnings through improved productivity and quality of the handloom products. Under the scheme, 90% of the cost of loom/accessory is borne by the Government of India while remaining 10% is borne by the beneficiary. The Government of India’s share is released directly in the Bank account of the beneficiary through designated agency.

 

  1. EDUCATION OF HANDLOOM WEAVERS AND THEIR CHILDREN:

Ministry of Textiles has signed Memorandums of Understanding with Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) to secure educational facilities for the weavers and their families.  NIOS offers Secondary and Senior Secondary level education with specialized subjects on design, marketing, business development, etc. through distance learning mode for handloom weavers, whereas IGNOU offers continuing education programs through accessible and flexible learning opportunities relevant to the aspirations of handloom weavers and their children for career progression.

Ministry of Textiles is providing reimbursement of 75% of the fee towards admission to NIOS/IGNOU courses in case of SC, ST, BPL, and Women learners belonging to handloom weavers’ families.

  1. India Handloom Brand– During the celebration of 7th August 2015 as National Handloom Day, ‘India Handloom’ Brand was launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister for branding of high quality handloom products. It promotes production of niche handloom products with high quality, authentic traditional designs with zero defect and zero effect on environment. Since its launch, 1232 registrations have been issued under 122 product categories and sale of Rs. 833.69 crore has been generated.

 

Initiatives with various leading brands has been undertaken to bring out a separate range of handloom garments in their brand.

 

  1. E-COMMERCE– In order to promote e-marketing of handloom products, a policy frame work was designed and under which any willing e-commerce platform with good track record can participate in online marketing of handloom products. Accordingly, 23 e-commerce entities have been engaged for on-line marketing of handloom products. Total sales of Rs. 71.95 crore has been reported through the online portal.

 

  1. URBAN HAATS are set up in the big towns/metropolitan cities to provide adequate direct marketing facilities to the craft persons/weavers and eliminate middle agencies.  38 such Urban Haats have been sanctioned across the country so far.

 

  1. Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme:

The Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS) is implemented for development of Mega Handloom Clusters covering atleast 15000 to 25,000 handlooms and financial assistance as GoI share from Rs. 40.00 to Rs.70.00 crore is in a period of 5 years.  8 mega handloom clusters taken up as announced in the Budgets i.e. Varanasi, Sivasagar (2008-09), Virudhunagar, Murshidabad (2009-10), Prakasam & Guntur districts and Godda& neighbouring districts (2012-13), Bhagalpur &Trichy (2014-15).

Under the scheme, components like conducting Diagnostic Study, engaging Designer, Product Development, Corpus for raw material, Construction of Worksheds (for BPL/SC/ST/Women weavers), Skill up-gradation etc. are fully funded by Government of India, while the components like Technology up-gradation, lighting units funded 90% and other common infrastructural projects like Design Studio,  Marketing Complex, Value Addition Centres, Publicity etc., are funded by the GOI to the extent of 80%.

 

  1. Handloom Weavers’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme

Weavers Comprehensive Welfare Scheme (HWCWS) is providing life, accidental and disability insurance coverage under the components Pradhan Mantri Jivan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY), Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) and Converged Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana (MGBBY).

  1. D.        Yarn Supply Scheme:

Yarn Supply Scheme is being implemented throughout the country to make available all types of yarn at Mill Gate Price. The scheme is being implemented through National Handloom Development Corporation.  Under the Scheme freight is reimbursed and depot operating charges @2% is given to depot operating agencies.  A component of 10% price subsidy also exists on hank yarn, which is applicable on cotton, domestic silk, wool and linen yarn with quantity caps.

Budgetary allocation of funds is not made State-wise.  Funds are released to handloom agencies on receipt of viable proposals and utilization of previous funds.  However, Scheme-wise details of funds allocated and released in the last three years and the current year for implementation of above mentioned schemes across the country are as under:

(Rs. in crore)

S.

No.

Name of scheme 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19 2019-20

(till date)

 

Funds allocated

(RE)

Funds released Funds allocated

(RE)

Funds released Funds allocated

(RE)

Funds released Funds allocated

 

Funds released
1 National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP) 167.53 153.56 140.24 135.05 138.53 119.72 135.00 97.74
2 Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS) 50.00 40.11 32.50 31.82 21.50 16.38 40.00 6.92
3 Handloom Weavers’ Comprehensive Welfare Scheme (HWCWS) 26.56 26.56 25.00 24.98 10.05 2.06 20.00 7.96
4 Yarn Supply Scheme (YSS) 261.50 261.35 200.00 199.84 155.41 126.84 195.00 105.03
Total

 

505.59 481.58 397.74 391.69 325.49 265.00 390.00 217.65

 

State-wise and Scheme-wise number of handloom weavers benefited under various schemes of this office in the last three years and the current year are indicated at Annexure-II.

Annexure – I

 

Statement showing State-wise number of weavers and allied weavers in the country as per the 4th All India Handloom Census (2019-20)

 

S.

No.

State No. of allied workers No. of weavers
1 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 17016 77600
2 ASSAM 176453 1107428
3 BIHAR 5631 7216
4 JHARKHAND 10133 12364
5 MANIPUR 12203 212481
6 MEGHALAYA 1553 41221
7 MIZORAM 10242 17298
8 NAGALAND 7534 35950
9 ODISHA 64364 53472
10 SIKKIM 65 632
11 TRIPURA 25712 111927
12 WEST BENGAL 264791 366656
Total East Zone 595697 2044245
1 CHHATTISGARH 7426 14077
2 GUJARAT 422 10179
3 GOA 4 22
4 MADHYA PRADESH 5267 12805
5 MAHARASHTRA 627 2882
Total West Zone 13746 39965
1 DELHI 1049 3236
2 HARYANA 11128 14414
3 HIMACHAL PRADESH 477 13211
4 JAMMU AND KASHMIR 7544 15784
5 PUNJAB 338 631
6 RAJASTHAN 1403 8687
7 UTTARAKHAND 4594 7967
8 UTTAR PRADESH 60179 130778
Total North Zone 86712 194708
1 ANDHRA PRADESH 49785 127662
2 KARNATAKA 27616 27175
3 KERALA 6604 15480
4 PUDUCHERRY 782 908
5 TAMIL NADU 45757 197818
6 TELANGANA 21922 25930
Total South Zone 152466 394973
Grand Total 848621 2673891

 

Annexure-II

 

 

State-wise and scheme-wise number of handloom weavers benefited under various schemes in the last three years (2016-17 to 2018-19) and the current year (2019-20 till 30-9-2019).

 

S.No. States NHDP & CHCDS NHDP HWCWS
No. of beneficiaries of Block Level Clusters No. of beneficiaries of Marketing events No. of beneficiaries of concessional loans (MUDRA Scheme) No. of weavers enrolled under PMJJY/ PMSBY No. of weavers enrolled under MGBBY/ converged MGBBY
East Zone
1 Arunachal Pradesh 4180 11000
2 Assam 45546 134293 587 106 67572
3 Bihar 5114 7000 453 1797
4 Jharkhand 9740 0 239 485
5 Manipur 11195 34100 18 662
6 Meghalaya 0 2000 0 0
7 Mizoram 634 14500 09 0
8 Nagaland 1140 44900 55 0
9 Orissa 5200 37000 2876 9930 28204
10 Sikkim 0 19400 0 29
11 Tripura 341 39930 09 482
12 West Bengal 26793 10200 1080 39113 58583
Total East Zone 109883 354323 5326 49149 157814
West Zone
1 Chhattisgarh 774 15000 649 331
2 Gujarat 357 0 289 8835
3 Goa 0 0 0
4 Madhya Pradesh 7347 21490 242 20 658
5 Maharashtra 4168 31000 193 102 500
Total West Zone 12646 67490 1373 453 9993
North Zone
1 Delhi 0 2240 0 458
2 Haryana 14 0 206 126
3 Himachal Pradesh 1643 0 173 2861 6005
4 Jammu & Kashmir 2468 12000 9627 464 396
5 Punjab 0 0 1
6 Rajasthan 554 7820 314 18 1963
7 Uttar Pradesh 13424 80500 3529 11146 13504
8 Uttarakhand 280 16820 84 231 653
Total North Zone 18383 119380 13934 14720 23105
South Zone
1 Andhra Pradesh 5366 45000 22322 9024 58175
2 Karnataka 2777 29000 3528 52757
3 Kerala 1030 13000 571 3359 11180
4 Puducherry 0 0 0 903
5 Tamil Nadu 28626 54100 68727 143819 308964
6 Telangana 1779 46000 3279 6998
Total 39578 187100 98157 156202 438977
1 Beneficiaries covered through other National Level agencies 425250
Grand Total 180490 1153543 118790 220524 629889

 

This information was given by the Union Minister of Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani, in written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

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