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जल शक्ति मंत्रालय

आजादी का अमृत महोत्सव

सफलता की कहानी: स्वच्छ भारत मिशन में एमएचएम मासिक धर्म स्वच्छता प्रबंधन में ग्रामीण पथप्रदर्शक पहल

जिला गढ़चिरौली, महाराष्ट्र के प्रशासन ने यूनिसेफ के समर्थन से एक मूक क्रांति की शुरुआत की है जिसमें वे मासिक धर्म के दौरान  लड़कियों और महिलाओं को कूर्म घर या ” पीरियड हट” में निर्वासित करने की क्रूर प्रथा को धीरे-धीरे समाप्त कर रहे हैं।

माहवारी के दौरान कई सामाजिक, सांस्कृतिक और धार्मिक बाधाओं का सामना करने वाली गोंड और मड़िया जनजातियों की किशोरियों और महिलाओं की पीड़ा को कम करने के लिए मानसिकता में बदलाव लाने के लिए 2018 से प्रशासन का दृढ़ संकल्प परिणाम ला रहा है।

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कूर्म घरों के स्थान पर, महिला विस्वा केंद्र या महिला विश्राम केंद्र, जो सुरक्षित और सुरक्षित स्थान हैं, स्थापित किए जा रहे हैं, जो बुनियादी सुविधाओं जैसे शौचालय, स्नानघर, साबुन और बहते पानी के साथ-साथ खाना पकाने की सुविधा के साथ हाथ धोने की सुविधा से परिपूर्ण हैं। अपने प्रवास के दौरान, महिलाएं स्वयं सहायता समूह की गतिविधियों और अन्य दिलचस्प शौक में भाग लेने के लिए स्वतंत्र हैं क्योंकि केंद्रों को एक पुस्तकालय, सिलाई मशीन, किचन गार्डन आदि से सुसज्जित किया जा रहा है। सबसे बढ़कर, यह सुविधा उनके मासिक धर्म को प्रबंधित करने के लिए एक अनुकूल वातावरण प्रदान करती है। गौरव।

To convince communities to get rid of the practice and invoke the desired change in behaviour required a movement that was accepted by the women, inspiring them to push for it from within.  It required capacity building and training of young women – to help them denounce the tradition of menstrual exile and sessions to understand the biological significance of menstruation and the need to adopt safe MHM practices.

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23 such centres have been constructed with funding from District Planning Development Committee initially followed by Special Central Assistance Fund of aspirational district programme and PESA, along with labour contribution from women of SHGs of UMED-MSRLM (State Rural Livelihood Mission).  The architectural plan, layout and material specifications were designed taking into account the local housing style and patterns. In the coming two years, the District Administration aspires to scale this initiative by building over 400 centres.

Before and After

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MHM in SBM-G: 

Clearly, menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is not just about sanitation.  It is a vital step towards protecting the girl child while safeguarding her dignity and giving her a life of opportunities to pursue her dreams, towards achieving a gender-balanced world.

To address this vital aspect, MHM has been included as an important component in the Government’s flagship programme, the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G).  It underlines the need for construction of toilets in households and schools which is integral to menstrual hygiene and encourages safe menstrual hygiene practices.  It further calls for skill development and setting up of sanitary napkin dispensers and incinerators in schools and public toilets.

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The MHM Guidelines issued by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) to support all adolescent girls and women, outlines what needs to be done by state governments, district administrations, engineers and technical experts in line departments; as well as school heads and teachers.  Under SBM-G programme, funds are available under the IEC component to raise awareness and skills on Menstrual Hygiene Management, and self-help groups help in propagating such efforts.

In keeping with this, States have initiated various programmes that have dispelled myths and taboos surrounding menstruation, encouraging girls and women to talk about it and clarify doubts.

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Impact of activities:  Going by the activities in various states, clearly the subject of menstruation is now more openly talked about in the rural areas, compared to earlier.  Women and girls are aware of the importance of menstrual hygiene and those who have access to them are using sanitary pads or clean cloth.  They are questioning ancient practices of being asked to refrain from bathing until the third day, or entering a temple or kitchen or touching pickle.  Incinerators are being installed in schools.  This needs to be expanded to all households and schools around the country.  More work needs to be done to help women and girls reach their full potential which effective MHM can ensure. 

Disposal of sanitary waste:  Sanitary waste disposal is a problem as the plastic used in disposable sanitary napkins is not bio-degradable and this can lead to health and environmental hazards.  As part of the solid waste management strategy, States are required to organise collection, disposal and transportation of such waste – to protect our environment.  Safe and appropriate waste management solutions are the need of the hour.

Girls and women should no longer feel embarrassed to talk about periods or clarify their doubts.  If we do not encourage them, they would be missing out on various aspects of life or

इस विज्ञप्ति को इसमें पढ़ें: उर्दू , मराठी , हिंदी , मणिपुरी , तामिल

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